BASIC REHABILITATION

Every-day skills

Restoring previous every-day skills and acquiring new ones in the conditions of damaged or missing eyesight.

  Полезни умения 1The aim of the program is the overcoming of psychological barriers, restoration of previous skills and the acquiring of new ones, assisting coping with the changed life situation in the conditions of damaged or missing sight. The acquired specific skills facilitate the activities from the every-day life of the visually impaired people. The included topics are selectable. The training in general cognitive skills is designed for clients, who have lost their sight while they were children/adolescents or were born blind and who have to form adequate notions for the objects from the surrounding reality by getting to know scale models of objects from different areas of life. Полезни умения 2Diagnosis of the level of the different types of useful skills is made by check-lists, interviews, observations and practical examinations.  The classes in useful skills are individually held. Group classes are held when some topics require this to the aim of forming positive motives by the clients for training in useful skills.

Main methods in group classes are discussion, conversation and consultation.

Acquiring these skills, visually impaired people manage to cope with their every-day needs by themselves. Every-day skills include the following groups:

General educational skills: Acquiring notions of objects, measures, surrounding environment, quantities, forms, directions (left, right, upwards, downwards, forwards, backwards, above, under and s. o.), figures, different materials, notions of complex objects and hand signature.

Every-day skills: Skills in cleaning, washing, care of clothes and personal hygiene, eating, shopping (recognizing the bank-notes and coins) and other skills, necessary in every-day life. Providing information on suitable support devices, and on their proper use and maintenance.

Social skills: Making the clients familiar with institutions and organizations of and for visually impaired people. Acquiring communication skills; eliminating blindisms (uncontrollable moves); orienting the body in the direction of sound; forming skills in interaction with others.