BASIC REHABILITATION

Braille

Brail1

Restoring reading and writing skills in a tactile way; giving an opportunity for overcoming information deficit.

The Braille system gives unlimited opportunities to visually impaired people to read and write text information. The Braille alphabet is a relief-dot system, enabling blind people to read and write sufficiently. Special technical means are used for writing and the sense of touch is used for reading. One can write in Braille letters, figures, punctuation and mathematical signs, as well as notes and all other signs. Braille is widely applicable among the visually impaired. Braille may be used to read books, documents or recipes. It may bBrail2e used for labeling groceries, clothes, video tapes, files, etc. Braille may be used for taking notes or writing down telephone numbers and addresses. The main aims of Braille teaching are that the visually impaired study Braille so that they have the knowledge and skills to read and write independently. The training is conducted in small groups or individually according to the type of lessons and the trainees’ abilities. The duration of training is determined by the personal tempo of each trainee. The curriculum includes:

 Testing tactile skills;

  • Preparatory exercises to train tactile sensitivity;
  • Studying the relief-dot system;
  • Writing with an awl and a table;
  • Writing with Braille writing machine;
  • Reading one-side printed and double-side printed press;
  • Studying Braille display